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General information about Albania


Geographic position of Albania

Albania is a country in South-Eastern Europe, in the West of the Balkan Peninsula, and covers an area of 28.748 km2. The overall length of the borderline of the Republic of Albania is 1094 km; out of which 657-km is land-border, 316-km sea-border, 48-km river-border and 73 km lake-border. The Republic of Albania, to the North borders Montenegro, the North-East , Kosovo, to the East the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and to the South and South-East it boarders Greece. On the West, Albania is washed by the Adriatic and Ionian seas.


Albanian Climate

Albania is included in the humid sub-tropical zone of the Northern Hemisphere, and it belongs to the Mediterranean climatic zone. Coastal areas: Central Mediterranean, mild and wet winter, hot and dry summer. Alpine areas: Central Continental, cold and wild winter, wet summer. Due to its unique geographic positioning, with its area receiving an average of 280-300 sunny days a year Albania is ideal for multi-season visits with a mosaic of climate types in a small area.


Albania population

The population of Albania numbers just about close to 3 million. The vast majority of inhabitants are Albanian, with ethnic minorities representing only about 2% of the population. The minority population is comprised primarily of Greeks and Macedonians.


Albanian language

Albanian is an Indo-European language and it represents a separate branch of this family on the bases of its idiosyncrasy. The Albanian language is also used (written & spoken) in the parts of Kosovo, Serbia, Montenegro, and Macedonia, where ethnic Albanians live. Albanians have a talent for foreign languages and the Italian language is widely spoken as is English especially with younger generations.


Economy of Albania

Albania’s economy has improved markedly over the last decade; reforms in infrastructure development, tax collection, property law, and business administration are progressing. The country was largely spared from the severe fallout of the 2008-2009 financial crisis since its economy is not heavily integrated into the Euro-Atlantic system. Economic output has slowed but remained positive in each year from 2009 to 2011. GDP per capita in 2011 is estimated to have reached $4,560 steadily increasing every year. However the country still ranks as one of the poorest countries in Europe according to major income indicators. Per capita GDP figures do not fully capture remittance income from the extensive network of Albanians abroad and income from the informal market, which the IMF estimates at 30%-40% of GDP. (www.state.gov)




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