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Photos of Serbia


Travel to Serbia, a set on Flickr.

General information about Serbia

Geography of Serbia

Serbia stands at the crossroads of Eastern and Western Europe, its routes leading via the Morava-Vardar and Nišava-Marica valleys to the Aegean coast, to Asia Minor and to the Middle East. European Transport Corridors 7(the Danube) and 10 (road and rail) pass through Serbia and meet in Belgrade. Belgrade, the Serbian capital, lies on the Danube, a waterway connecting Western and Central European countries with the countries of Southeastern and Eastern Europe. Its harbour is visited by ships from the Black Sea, and with the opening of the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal it became a central point of the most important waterway in Europe which extends from the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean all the way to the Black Sea. The Belgrade-Bar railway line connects the city with the Adriatic Sea and Belgrade’s Nikola Tesla Airport is a hub for key European air routes. Serbia’s borders are 2114.2 km in length. Serbia borders Bulgaria to the east, Romania to the northeast, Hungary to the north, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the west, Montenegro to the southwest and Albania and Macedonia to the south.

Serbia Climate

The climate of Serbia is moderately continental, with localised variations and a gradual change between the seasons. Nearby geographical regions like the Alps, the Mediterranean Sea, the Bay of Genoa, the Pannonian Basin and the Morava Valley, the Carpathian and Rhodope mountains, significantly influence the weather and climate in Serbia. The dominant position of river valleys from the south towards the hilly areas in the north of the country allows the deep penetration of polar air masses in southern regions. The vast majority of Serbian territory lies in a temperate climate zone, but the south-western regions border the subtropical and continental climate zones.

Serbian Population

The Serbs are a Slavic people, specifically of the South Slavic subgroup, which has its origins in the 6th and 7th century communities developed in Southeastern Europe (see Great Migration). Slav raids on Eastern Roman territory are mentioned in 518, and by the 580s they had conquered large areas referred to as Sclavinia, the early South Slavic tribe which is eponymous to the current ethnic and linguistic Indo-European people. In 649, Constantine III relocates conquered Slavs "from the Vardar" to Gordoservon (Serb habitat). Among communities part in the Serb ethnogenesis are the Romanized Paleo-Balkan tribes of Illyrians, Thracians and Dacians, Celts, Greek colonies and Romans.

Language of Serbia

Serbs speak the Serbian language, a member of the South Slavic group of languages, specifically in the Southwestern Slavic group, with the Southeastern group containing Bulgarian and Macedonian. It is mutually intelligible with the standard Croatian and Bosnian languages and some linguists still consider it a sub-set of the Serbo-Croatian language, as they are all standardized on the Shtokavian dialect. It is an official language in Serbia, Bosnia & Herzegovina (Republika Srpska), Montenegro and a minority language in Croatia, Macedonia, Hungary and Slovakia.

Serbia Economy

Recently Serbia’s economic progress has been substantial, but economic reform and restructuring are continuing challenges for the Serbian Government. Unemployment, a lack of liquidity in the economy, corruption, and labour unrest remain ongoing political and economic problems. The dinar (RSD) has fallen by more than a third against the Euro since the onset of the global financial crisis in 2008, highlighting Serbia’s fragile and structurally weak economy. However, the dinar has stabilized in 2011, settling at around 100 RSD to the Euro. Serbia experienced a relatively healthy GDP growth rate in 2008 (5.5%), but the global economic crisis caused Serbia’s GDP to tumble, and growth turned negative (-3%) in 2009. A slow economic recovery commenced in 2010 (with 1% GDP growth), and the IMF projects growth of 2% for 2011. In late 2010, Serbia adopted a new model of economic growth based on increased savings, investment, production in tradable goods, and exports. The model has achieved some success. Exports, for example, rose by 26% in 2010, due in significant measure to the depreciation of the dinar and the incipient recovery of the global economy. Export-led growth continued through 2011, with exports increasing by 30.4% during the January-July 2011 period compared to the same period in 2010. Inflation remains particularly high at 2-3 times the targets set by the National bank of Serbia. GDP per capita according to IMF is around $6200.

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